imitation game movie

Dave Wade dave.g4ugm at
Tue Feb 10 16:32:56 CST 2015

With Baby the claim is it was the the first machine to run a program, and a
copy of the program exists. The program was chosen to be long running to
test the reliability of the machine, and validate that Williams tubes were

On 10 Feb 2015 22:15, "Fred Cisin" <cisin at> wrote:

> On Tue, 10 Feb 2015, Noel Chiappa wrote:
> > Here's my list (in temporal order):
> > ABC - first electronic digital computing device
> > COLOSSUS - first large-scale electronic digital computing device heavily
> used
> >       for actual work
> > ENIAC - first general-purpose electronic digital computing device
> > Manchester Baby - first operational stored-program computer
> > EDSAC - first stored-program computer heavily used for actual work
> Thanks for breaking it out.
> Unfortunately, there is a human obsession with "first", and it often
> goes with an assumption that only one category can truly be declared
> a "computer", resulting in rejection of all other categories.
> And, sometimes after somebody makes a decision, others will be brought
> up, triggering a creative redefinition of "computer" or of "first" so
> as to exclude the new entry.
> Is "first" a matter of which nose or which hoof crosses the finish line?
> First designed?
> First built?
> First sold?
> First shipped?
> First commercially available?
> First working?
> Do prototypes count?
> The times, technologies, and even politics became ripe for the
> development.  LOTS of people were building "firsts". Selecting
> a "first" is an impractical art.
> --
> Grumpy Ol' Fred                 cisin at

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