ASCI u68 (SystemX)
hilpert at cs.ubc.ca
Fri Oct 16 23:46:23 CDT 2015
On 2015-Oct-16, at 7:30 PM, Brad wrote:
> Here's some detail shots of the unit (including two of the front and back of
> the mainboard). Note the 6821 in the middle that has 'BAD' scratched into
From what can be readily discerned, with some presumption, in functional not numeric order:
IC26 6875 clock generator
IC22 68B00 processor
. . obviously
IC7 TBP18S22 PROM 256*8
probably for address mapping of the RAM / ROM / IO.
IC19 2716 EPROM 2K*8 (or 2708 1K*8, note jumpers)
IC18 2716 EPROM 2K*8 (or 2708 1K*8, note jumpers)
IC16 6514 SRAM 1024*4
IC17 6514 SRAM 1024*4
1 KBytes of RAM
IC30 6821 IO 2*8+4
IC31 6821 IO 2*8+4
IO to the keypad & LED display.
It looks like the hex-to-7-seg decoding is done in software,
over on the kbd/display PCB is a CA3082 7*NPN-tran, presumably
used as LED drivers. One of the chips is masked by the photoflash.
IC29 6821 IO 2*8+4
Goes to connector P1, just GPIO pins to play with.
IC15 6850 UART
IC13 1489 RS232 receiver
IC28 75150 line driver
IC25 4702 bit-rate generator
Comprise a serial line interface.
Not clear how the bit-rate is set, I'm guessing the rate selection pins of the 4702
are fed by IC14 74175 latch, fed in turn from IO pins on IC30, so the baud rate would be
be under programmatic control.
IC27 555 timer
Not clear what that's for, might be an oscillator/timer for kbd/display scanning,
feeding into IC30 or 31.
The remaining chips are bus drivers and a little glue logic.
It's pretty straightforward for what it is.
Date codes of 1981, but the support for 2708 and 2716 EPROMs suggest the design is a few years earlier.
As IC30, the bad 6821, is involved in the keyboard/display you might try pulling it and replacing it with IC29.
If you want to be particular, pull it and check for bad voltages and current limits on the IO pins before plugging in a sub.
The expectation if it's running properly is that you'd press a key for a command followed by hex address or data,
e.g. EXAMine, enter the address XXXX, displayed as entered, memory contents displayed on entering 4th address digit.
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